This 5mm Water-clear Phototransistor will pick up visible and infrared light and conduct current. When light reaches this high sensitive/fast response time component it's much like current reaching the base of a transistor which allows current to flow from collector to emitter.
The ST Micro L7805CV is a 1.5A, 5V positive linear regulator. It is the stronger older brother of the 78M05 but ironically it is the same size and shape, go figure. It may look like your everyday 7805 but looks can be deceiving!